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Champagne Monopole Heidsieck & C°

The greedy
hours

The 18th century was a time of innovation and ingeniousness. With the appearance of champagnes and the first restaurants, it was a turning point in French gastronomic history. The French Revolution abolished certain privileges, and the great chefs who once worked in aristocratic homes opened their own establishments after their employers fled. Great cuisine descended into the streets.

1782

Antoine Beauvilliers, cook to the Prince of Condé and master of fine dining for the Count of Provence,...

...opens the Grande Taverne de Londres, at 26 rue de Richelieu in Paris, in a very refined setting.

1784

Birth of Antoine-Marie Carême, the king of cooks and the first “Chef” in Paris.

1788

Florens-Louis Heidsieck presents his champagne to Queen Marie-Antoinette.

Numerous “society dinners” are organised during this epoch, to which around forty distinguished guests are invited by virtue of their status or merit, in the French or Russian style depending on the number of guests.

1800

The 19th century is the age of gastronomy, fine wit and great appetites....

...From Balzac to Alexandre Dumas, writers love fine dining, a topic that is often covered in literature. This century also marks the birth of the restaurant. At the end of the century, there are more than 700 restaurants in Paris, and champagne is a regular feature on great tables. With each menu, a glass of champagne is served, most often with dessert, for the pleasure of the bubbles… A sparkling end to the meal paired with spectacular desserts.

1803

Birth of the “Emperor of cooks”, Georges-Auguste Escoffier in Villeneuve-Loubet.

He modernises fine cuisine as created by Antonin Carême and invents the concept of kitchen staff.

1832

Together, the United States and Canada form the third largest importer...

of sparkling wine with 400,000 bottles. This paved way for the creation of “le goût américain”!

1852

Napoleon III becomes the Emperor of France.

1853

Napoleon III weds Eugénie de Montijo, whom Heidsieck & Co Monopole honoured with its Cuvée Impératrice.

1865

Original, elegant composer Offenbach only goes to the best restaurants on the Boulevard des Italiens...

...Peters, Café Bignon, La Maison Dorée and Café Riche, where Heidsieck & Co Monopole champagnes are served.

1869

Alexandre Dumas starts writing his “Grand dictionnaire de cuisine”...

...and patronises the best restaurants in Paris such as Verdier, Le Café Anglais, home to Adolphe Dugleré, the famous chef of the day. Exoticism makes its appearance with omelette made of ostrich eggs from the Bey of Tunis.

1893

Auguste Escoffier, Chef at the Savoy in London, pays homage to the highly talented Australian singer Nellie Melba.

...and patronises the best restaurants in Paris such as Verdier, Le Café Anglais, home to Adolphe Dugleré, the famous chef of the day. Exoticism makes its appearance with omelette made of ostrich eggs from the Bey of Algiers.

1895

Antonin Carême, “Prince of cooks and cook to Princes”, starts his career at Bailly...

...one of Paris’ best pastry shops, on Rue Vivienne. Mr Bailly recognizes young Carême’s talent and allows him to make the shop’s famous “pièces montées”. A few years later, when he starts working for Talleyrand, he creates the lady finger biscuit, to be eaten dipped in champagne. Talleyrand often chooses a Dry Monopole to help pass the time in the Imperial antichambers.

1900

The first Michelin guide is published. The turn of the 20th century sees the creation of Paris’s most legendary restaurants...

...such as Maxim’s and Lucas Carton, on the Place de la Madeleine in Paris. Mr. Lucas, is the son-in-law of Mr. Carton, who will later entrust the interior decoration of the restaurant to the young and talented Majorelle. In the 20th century, Heidsieck & Co Monopole’s champagnes embody the brand’s international expansion to more than one hundred countries.

1903

Publication of the “Culinary Guide” in which Escoffier and other great chefs establish the base for New French Cuisine.

1912

Escoffier publishes his “Book of menus” in which he simplifies the modern menu and the structure of a meal.

He adopts the so-called “Service à la russe” (Russian service) where the meal consists of several dishes and each one is served in its own plate.

1920

In the Roaring Twenties, champagnes from Heidsieck & Co Monopole are served at the best celebrations around the world.

They are served in Europe, Latin America, the United States and Asia.

1923

The Michelin Guide begins awarding stars to “Good restaurants”.

1937

An extremely good vintage that is requisitioned by the German army...

...A British officer takes one bottle with him to Stalingrad, and it is found intact in a wine cellar in 2013.

1960

Official receptions at the Palais de l’Élysée serve Heidsieck & Co Monopole champagne.

2000

The Heidsieck & Co Monopole Fund is set up to help young chefs...

...set up their own restaurants. The prize is awarded to Pascal Barbot and Christophe Rohat of L’Astrance at Paris.

2009

The Guide Michelin celebrates its 100th anniversary at Lucas Carton, on Place de la Madeleine...

...the only restaurant that has retained its stars since it was founded.

2010

UNESCO gives French cuisine a spot on its World Heritage List.

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